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What Is the Main Cause of Dry Eyes?

Do your eyes ever feel dry, scratchy, or irritated? If so, you may be experiencing dry eye syndrome. Millions of individuals worldwide suffer from this ailment, which can drastically lower your quality of life. Examining the primary contributing factor to dry eyes and some management advice would be beneficial.


What Are Dry Eyes?


This condition develops when the eyes do not secrete sufficient tears. It can also stem from poor tear quality. Tears are essential for maintaining the health of your eyes. They help lubricate and nourish the eyes. They also protect against infection and wash away debris. When tear production is inadequate or of poor quality, it can lead to dry eyes.


What Is the Main Cause of Dry Eyes?


Numerous things might cause dry eyes. The most typical cause for this condition is meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). These glands, situated on the outside of your eyelids, secrete oil that slows the evaporation of your tears. If these glands become blocked or dysfunctional, it can decrease the quality of your tears, resulting in dry eyes.

Additional elements that may cause dry eyes include the following:

  • Aging: As you age, your tear production drops, causing dry eyes

  • Gender: Women tend to be more prone than males to get dry eyes, particularly following menopause

  • Medication: Certain drugs, including antihistamines, decongestants, and antidepressants, can reduce tear production and worsen dry eyes

  • Medical disorders: Rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and thyroid issues are a few illnesses that can cause dry eyes

  • Environmental factors: Exposure to wind, smoke, and dry air can increase the evaporation of tears, leading to dry eyes

  • Contact lens wear: Contact lenses can contribute to dry eyes, especially if worn for an extended period


How to Manage Dry Eyes


Fortunately, there are many ways to manage dry eyes. Here are some tips to help:


Use Artificial Tears


Artificial tears can help to lubricate your eyes and provide relief from dryness. Finding the artificial tears that perform best for you is crucial because many varieties are available.


Maintain Good Eye Hygiene


Keeping your eyelids clean can help prevent meibomian gland dysfunction. Use a warm compress and gentle eyelid massage to help open up the glands and improve the quality of your tears.


Use a Humidifier


Adding moisture to the air can help reduce the evaporation of your tears. Consider installing a humidifier in your home, especially during the dry winter.


Take Breaks When Using a Computer or Reading


Staring at a computer screen or reading for an extended period can cause dry eyes. Take frequent breaks and frequently blink to help prevent dryness.


Avoid Environmental Factors


Avoid exposure to wind, smoke, and dry air whenever possible. Consider putting on wraparound shades outside on a windy day to help protect your eyes.


Consider Prescription Medications


If artificial tears and other OTC remedies are not providing relief, your doctor may prescribe medications to help manage your dry eyes.




MGD is the most typical cause of dry eyes. But additional elements, including age, gender, drugs, and environmental factors, can play a role in this illness. If you experience dry eyes, there are many ways to manage them. These include using artificial tears, maintaining good eye hygiene, and avoiding environmental factors. Consult your doctor about the best treatment if your symptoms do not disappear.

For more information on dry eyes, visit Brandon Eyes at our Middleton or Madison, Wisconsin office. Call (608) 833-7256 or (608) 833-0301 to schedule an appointment today.

A30master none 9:00am - 5:00pm 9:00am - 5:00pm 9:00am - 5:00pm 9:00am - 5:00pm 9:00am - 5:00pm Closed Closed (608) 833-0301 608-833-0302 6122 Mineral Point Road
Madison, WI 53705